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An Act of Self-Defense

An Act of Self-Defense ebook ISBN: 0984840001
Publisher: Erne Lewis
Author: Erne Lewis
Number of Pages: N.A 
File: an-act-of-self-defense.pdf
Reads: 5263497


The Right of Individual Self-Defense in Public International Law

The Right of Individual Self-Defense in Public International Law ebook ISBN: 3832519556
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Author: Jan Kittrich
Number of Pages: 219 
File: the-right-of-individual-self-defense-in-public-international-law.pdf
Reads: 4689126


The book examines in detail one of the most controversial topic in current international law, namely the scope and extent of the right of individual self-defense. The book carefully traces the paths which have been followed in the developing legal debate on self-defense. The author uses numerous case-studies of incidents involving the use of force in alleged self-defense (such as the Entebbe Incident 1976, the Nicaragua Case 1986 or the Israeli-Lebanese conflict of 2006) which have formed the central point of scholarly debate. The author's conclusions are based not only on thorough analysis of academic discussions but also of the practice of States and international bodies, especially of the United Nations Organization. At the outset of the book the author reviews the historical context and the customary evolution of the right of self-defense. Reference is made to the famous Caroline Case of 1837, which set the necessary conditions of lawful exercise of self-defense. Next, the author examines the concept and legal nature of self-defense, carefully assessing the customary conditions of necessity, proportionality and immediacy derived from the Caroline Case. As the occurrence of an "armed attack" is a conditio sine qua non of lawful invocation of self-defense, several modalities of an armed attack are attentively evaluated such as its constituent elements, beginning or scale. The author explores, whether reactions to acts of international terrorism committed by a non-State may be based on the right of self-defense. In times of global terrorist networks it is highly desirable to attach special attention to use of force in self-defense as a remedy against serious acts of terrorism. Thorough analysis of State practice is shown on several examples from recent history - the U.S. air raid on Libya in 1986 and on Baghdad in 1993 and relatively recent air strikes on Sudan and Afghanistan in 1998. Reference is also made to the most striking example - the Al-Qaeda attack on the United States in 2001. The validity of claims of anticipatory/preventive self-defense is examined on a theoretical level and then applied to the specific details of the Israeli air strike on the Osiraq Nuclear Reactor in 1981. The two main approaches to preventive self-defense - "restrictive" and "traditional" - are then discussed in detail. Brief analysis is also devoted to the nature of the so-called - pre-emptive - self-defense indicating its current position under international law.

Self-Defense, Necessity, and Punishment

Self-Defense, Necessity, and Punishment ebook ISBN: 1000727475
Publisher: Routledge
Author: Uwe Steinhoff
Number of Pages: 392 
File: self-defense-necessity-and-punishment.pdf
Reads: 5430509


This book offers a philosophical analysis of the moral and legal justifications for the use of force. While the book focuses on the ethics self-defense, it also explores its relation to lesser evil justifications, public authority, the justification of punishment, and the ethics of war. Steinhoff’s account of the moral use of force covers a wide range of topics, including the nature of justification in general, the precise elements of different justifications, the logic of claim- and liberty-rights and of rights forfeiture, the value of human life and its limits, and the princples of reciprocity and precaution. While the author’s analysis is primarily philosophical, it is informed by a metaethical stance that also places heavy emphasis on existing law and legal scholarship. In doing so, the book appeals to widely shared moral intuitions, precepts, and concepts grounded in criminal law. Self-Defense, Necessity, and Punishment offers the most comprehensive and systematic account of the ethics of self-defense. It will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in applied ethics and moral philosophy, philosophy of law, and political philosophy.

Think, Act, Stay Safe with the R.E.A.C.T Approach to Self Defence

Think, Act, Stay Safe with the R.E.A.C.T Approach to Self Defence ebook ISBN: 0007102364
Publisher: Steve Collins
Author: Stephen W. Collins
Number of Pages: 160 
File: think-act-stay-safe-with-the-r-e-a-c-t-approach-to-self-defence.pdf
Reads: 4504293


As the newspapers and television constantly remind us, violent crime is on the increase, violence that can strike at you anywhere and at any time - on holiday, at work, on nights' out or during any one of a thousand everyday situations. But even if you are confronted by the unthinkable, you don't have to become a victim. This important new book shows you how you can protect yourself regardless of your age, sex or level of fitness by using the simple but effective REACT formula: R: Recognise E: Evaluate A: Alternatives C: Concentrate T: Terminate Using clear and concise step-by-step instructions, reinforced with many illustrations and diagrams, each of these five basic principles is expanded and explained in such a way that they quickly become 'second nature'. Following this sequence in any circumstance will allow you to recognise potential threats, decide on the best form of action to take and equip you carry to this through. While The R.E.A.C.T. Self defence System does concentrate on a dozen or so straightforward but effective self-protection combat techniques, it is not just another self-defence book, full of impractical or ineffective martial arts routines. What it does is heig

Human Rights and Personal Self-Defense in International Law

Human Rights and Personal Self-Defense in International Law ebook ISBN: 019065502X
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Jan Arno Hessbruegge
Number of Pages: 400 
File: human-rights-and-personal-self-defense-in-international-law.pdf
Reads: 4920942


Based on author's thesis (doctoral - European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, 2016) isued under title: The right to personal self-defence as a general principle of law and its general application in international human rights law.

Cyberwarfare: Attribution, Preemption, and National Self Defense

Cyberwarfare: Attribution, Preemption, and National Self Defense ebook ISBN: 1304799409
Author: John Dever,James Dever
Number of Pages: 42 
File: cyberwarfare-attribution-preemption-and-national-self-defense.pdf
Reads: 1893440


This paper proposes a new consequentialist standard based on an "Effects Test" to define when cyberattacks constitute an armed attack that can be responded to in self-defense. This paper will also address the use of anticipatory self-defense in the cyber context by proposing a modification of the traditional Caroline doctrine using a court system as a check on abuse of the anticipatory self-defense doctrine.

Self-defence in International Law

Self-defence in International Law ebook ISBN: 1584778555
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
Author: D. W. Bowett
Number of Pages: 294 
File: self-defence-in-international-law.pdf
Reads: 9912489


Bowett, D.W.Self-Defence in International Law. New York: Praeger, [1958]. xv, 294 pp. Reprinted 2009 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1-58477-855-4. ISBN-10: 1-58477-855-5. Cloth. $95.* Bowett observes that the use or threat of force by any state can be a delict, an approved sanction, or a measure taken in self-defense. He examines the evolution of the doctrine in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with the assumption of the existence of a state's unlimited 'right' to go to war. He then attempts to outline the limited and provisional effects of this right under the U.N. Charter. "Throughout the work there is a refusal to dogmatize or to state in absolute terms any aspect of the 'privilege' of self-defence in its present context. (...) [Bowett] is to be congratulated on producing a timely and scholarly survey of one of the most fundamental, and often abused, sovereign rights known to international law.": K.R. Simmonds, British Year Book of International Law 34 (1958) 432.

Norms, Values, and Society

Norms, Values, and Society ebook ISBN: 9401724547
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer
Number of Pages: 350 
File: norms-values-and-society.pdf
Reads: 1611644


Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.

The Ethics of Killing

The Ethics of Killing ebook ISBN: 019987963X
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Jeff McMahan
Number of Pages: 560 
File: the-ethics-of-killing.pdf
Reads: 9039292


This magisterial work is the first comprehensive study of the ethics of killing, where the moral status of the individual killed is uncertain. Drawing on philosophical notions of personal identity and the immorality of killing, McMahan looks carefully at a host of practical issues, including abortion, infanticide, the killing of animals, assisted suicide, and euthanasia.

Can Christians Kill in Self-Defense?

Can Christians Kill in Self-Defense? ebook ISBN:
Publisher: Creation Liberty Evangelism
Author: Creation Liberty Evangelism,Christopher J.E. Johnson
Number of Pages: N.A 
File: can-christians-kill-in-self-defense.pdf
Reads: 642283


The Lord God does not protect the wicked. Christians have every Biblical right to defend themselves.

Acting on Principles

Acting on Principles ebook ISBN: 1630878359
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Author: Janko Zagar
Number of Pages: 246 
File: acting-on-principles.pdf
Reads: 5521420


Acting on Principles, the product of over thirty years of teaching, gives a comprehensive overview of the Moral Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas, placing it in dialogue with contemporary ethical theory and developments in Catholic theology since the Second Vatican Council. Suitable for students of ethics and moral theology, and general readers seeking Christian guidance in the formation of conscience and moral decision making, it presents the classical Catholic ethical tradition in a clear and lively style.

Collective Security Under International Law

Collective Security Under International Law ebook ISBN: 1584771445
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
Author: Hans Kelsen
Number of Pages: 275 
File: collective-security-under-international-law.pdf
Reads: 2139780


Kelsen, Hans. Collective Security under International Law. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1957. Reprinted 2001 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 00-053507. ISBN 1-58477-144-5. Cloth. $75. * The noted jurist Hans Kelsen [1881-1973] advances his theory that collective security is " essential function of law, national as well as international, and that, therefore, there exists an intrinsic connection between international security and international law; in other terms, that collective security of the state is, just as collective security of the individual within the state, by its very nature a legal problem." Foreword p. ii.

Rethinking Criminal Law

Rethinking Criminal Law ebook ISBN: 9780195350364
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: George P. Fletcher
Number of Pages: 926 
File: rethinking-criminal-law.pdf
Reads: 3883258


This is a reprint of a book first published by Little, Brown in 1978. George Fletcher is working on a new edition, which will be published by Oxford in three volumes, the first of which is scheduled to appear in January of 2001. Rethinking Criminal Law is still perhaps the most influential and often cited theoretical work on American criminal law. This reprint will keep this classic work available until the new edition can be published.

Reshaping Rogue States

Reshaping Rogue States ebook ISBN: 9780262265393
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Alexander T.J. Lennon,Camille Eiss
Number of Pages: 392 
File: reshaping-rogue-states.pdf
Reads: 3523335


An analysis of the policies of preemption and regime change as well as an examination of US policy options for dealing with each country in the "axis of evil." In January 2002, President George W. Bush declared Iran, Iraq, and North Korea constituents of an "axis of evil." US strategy toward each of these countries has clearly varied since, yet similar issues and policy options have emerged for US relations with all three. Reshaping Rogue States seeks to improve our understanding of Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as well as of current and future policy options to combat the threats these nations pose. The book's comprehensive analysis of preemption and regime change debates the circumstances under which each policy might be justified or legal under international law. Prominent strategists and policymakers consider alternatives to preemption—including prevention, counterproliferation, and cooperative security—and draw conclusions from efforts to bring about regime change in the past. Reshaping Rogue States also reviews the differing policy challenges presented by each so-called axis member. Specifically, it considers how the United States might strike a balance with North Korea through multilateral negotiations; the changes within Iran that call for changes in US policy; and the dilemmas the United States faces in post-Saddam Iraq, including continuing insurgency, instability, and the feasibility of democracy.

The Struggle of Democracy Against Terrorism

The Struggle of Democracy Against Terrorism ebook ISBN: 9780813925318
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
Author: Emanuel Gross
Number of Pages: 291 
File: the-struggle-of-democracy-against-terrorism.pdf
Reads: 3234748


Examines the legal and moral complexities democracies face when dealing with terrorism. This book is useful to students and teachers of law, political science, and philosophy, as well as to citizens and activists concerned with the impact of terrorism on civil liberties.

Self-Defence in Criminal Law

Self-Defence in Criminal Law ebook ISBN: 1847312748
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Author: Boaz Sangero
Number of Pages: 394 
File: self-defence-in-criminal-law.pdf
Reads: 7313095


This book combines a careful philosophical discussion of the rationale justifying self-defence with a detailed discussion of the range of statutory self-defence requirements, as well as discussions of numerous other relevant issues (i.e. putative self-defense, excessive self-defense, earlier guilt and battered women). The book argues that before formulating definitions for each aspect of self-defence (necessity, proportionality, retreat, immediacy, mental element, etc.) it is imperative to determine the proper rationale for self-defence and, only then to derive the appropriate solutions. The first part contains an in-depth discussion of why society allows a justification for acts but does not excuse the actor from criminal liability, and the author critically analyzes current theories (culpability of the aggressor; autonomy of the attacked person; protection of the social-legal order; balancing interests; choice of the lesser evil) and points out the weaknesses of each theory before proposing a new theory to explain the justification of self-defence. The new theory is that for the full justification of self-defence, a balance of interests must be struck between the expected physical injury to the attacked person and the expected physical injury to the aggressor, as well as the relevant abstract factors: the autonomy of the attacked person, the culpability of the aggressor, and the social-legal order. The author demonstrates how ignoring one or more of these factors leads to erroneous results and how the proposed rationale can be applied to develop solutions to the complex questions raised.

Understanding Torture

Understanding Torture ebook ISBN: 074868672X
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Author: J. Jeremy Wisnewski
Number of Pages: 288 
File: understanding-torture.pdf
Reads: 3445814


Understanding Torture surveys the massive literature surrounding torture, arguing that, once properly understood, there can be no defense of torture in any circumstances.

The Law of Torts

The Law of Torts ebook ISBN: 9781587980008
Publisher: Beard Books
Author: Francis M. Burdick
Number of Pages: 584 
File: the-law-of-torts.pdf
Reads: 3975538


International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan ebook ISBN: 1134074344
Publisher: Routledge
Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
Number of Pages: 247 
File: international-law-and-drone-strikes-in-pakistan.pdf
Reads: 6078439


While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.