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An Attack on an Enemy of Freedom

An Attack on an Enemy of Freedom ebook ISBN: 0141965444
Publisher: Penguin UK
Author: Cicero
Number of Pages: 112 
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Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are. Amongst the most famous and influential of all political polemics, Cicero's scathing speeches against the dictatorial ambitions of Mark Antony are the passionate last testament of the greatest statesman of his age; a final attempt to restore his beloved Republic that was to cost him his life.

Writings from the Zen Masters

Writings from the Zen Masters ebook ISBN: 0141956674
Publisher: Penguin UK
Author: Various
Number of Pages: 128 
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These are unique stories of timeless wisdom and understanding from the Zen Masters. With rich and fascinating tales of swords, tigers, tea, flowers and dogs, the writings of the Masters challenge every perception - and seek to bring all readers closer to enlightenment. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

The Future of American Democratic Politics

The Future of American Democratic Politics ebook ISBN: 9780813532981
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Author: Gerald M. Pomper,Marc D. Weiner
Number of Pages: 279 
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Summary:

A collection of essays by leading scholars contemplating the future of American democracy.

The Middle East and Islamic World Reader

The Middle East and Islamic World Reader ebook ISBN: 0802194524
Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
Author: Marvin E. Gettleman,Stuart Schaar
Number of Pages: 416 
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“The many facets of Middle Eastern history and politics are admirably represented in this far-ranging anthology” (Publishers Weekly). In this insightful anthology, historians Marvin E. Gettleman and Stuart Schaar have assembled a broad selection of documents and contemporary scholarship to give a view of the history of the peoples from the core Islamic lands, from the Golden Age of Islam to today. With carefully framed essays beginning each chapter and brief introductory notes accompanying over seventy readings, the anthology reveals the multifaceted societies and political systems of the Islamic world. Selections range from theological texts illuminating the differences between Shiite and Sunni Muslims, to diplomatic exchanges and state papers, to memoirs and literary works, to manifestos of Islamic radicals. This newly revised and expanded edition covers the dramatic changes in the region since 2005, and the popular uprisings that swept from Tunisia in January 2011 through Egypt, Libya, and beyond. The Middle East and Islamic World Reader is a fascinating historical survey of complex societies that—now more than ever—are crucial for us to understand. “Ambitious . . . A timely work, it focuses mainly on sociopolitical texts dating from the rise of Islam to the debates concerning U.S. foreign policy in the post-9/11 world.” —Choice

As If an Enemy's Country

As If an Enemy's Country ebook ISBN: 0199745951
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Richard Archer
Number of Pages: 304 
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In the dramatic period leading to the American Revolution, no event did more to foment patriotic sentiment among colonists than the armed occupation of Boston by British soldiers. As If an Enemy's Country is Richard Archer's gripping narrative of those critical months between October 1, 1768 and the winter of 1770 when Boston was an occupied town. Bringing colonial Boston to life, Archer moves between the governor's mansion and cobble-stoned back-alleys as he traces the origins of the colonists' conflict with Britain. He reveals the maneuvering of colonial political leaders such as Governor Francis Bernard, Lieutenant Governor Thomas Hutchinson, and James Otis Jr. as they responded to London's new policies, and he evokes the outrage many Bostonians felt toward Parliament and its local representatives. Equally important, Archer captures the popular mobilization under the leadership of John Hancock and Samuel Adams that met the oppressive imperial measures--most notably the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act--with demonstrations, Liberty Trees, violence, and non-importation agreements. When the British government responded with the decision to garrison Boston with troops, it was a deeply felt affront to the local population. Almost immediately, tempers flared and violent conflicts broke out. Archer's tale culminates in the swirling tragedy of the Boston Massacre and its aftermath, including the trial of the British troops involved--and sets the stage for what was to follow.

The Spoils of Freedom

The Spoils of Freedom ebook ISBN: 1134906129
Publisher: Routledge
Author: Renata Salecl
Number of Pages: 176 
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The rise of nationalist, racist and anti-feminist ideologies is one of the most frightening repercussions of the collapse of socialism. Using psychoanalytic theories of fantasy to investigate why such extremist ideologies have taken hold, Renata Salecl argues that the major social and political changes in post-communist Eastern Europe require a radical re-evaluation of notions of liberal theories of democracy. In doing so she offers a new approach to human rights and feminism grounded in her own active partipation in the struggles, first against communism and now against nationalism and anti-feminism.

Human Freedom, Christian Righteousness

Human Freedom, Christian Righteousness ebook ISBN: 9780195354034
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Timothy J. Wengert
Number of Pages: 256 
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This book argues the provocative thesis that Philip Melanchthon, so often pictured as hopelessly caught in the middle between Erasmus and Luther, and more "Erasmian" than Lutheran in his thought, was, at least in his theological methods and views, not Erasmian at all, but in fact sharply opposed to Erasmus. Author Timothy J. Wengert builds his case largely on the basis of Melanchthon's Scholia on the Epistle of Paul to the Colossians, employing the critically important but seldom used second edition of 1528, which was produced in the aftermath of Luther and Erasmus's famous debate over the free will. Wengert also draws on a wide range of other contemporary sources, many of them well known but, as he argues, frequently misunderstood. Throughout this analysis he subjects a wide range of the secondary literature to sharp critical review. From the vantage point of a relatively narrow exegetical dispute, the book deals with a number of important topics: the complicated and elusive relationships between humanism and the Reformation, Erasmus and Luther, Erasmus and Melanchthon, and Melanchthon and Luther; the theological issues of proper biblical interpretation, of free will, and of divine and human righteousness; and the hotly contested social problem of political order. Human Freedom, Christian Righteousness will be of interest not only to students and scholars of Reformation theology, but to a broader audience of those concerned with Renaissance and Reformation history and literature.

The Mons Myth

The Mons Myth ebook ISBN: 0752476289
Publisher: The History Press
Author: Terence Zuber
Number of Pages: 304 
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Conventional histories of the Battles of Mons and Le Cateau describe how, although the British were massively outnumbered, precise and rapid rifle fire mowed down rows of German troops: the staggering casualties inflicted made both British victories, and set the stage for the Battle of the Marne. But neither encounter has ever been described in English from the German point of view. Using German tactics manuals and regimental histories, Terence Zuber re-examines the battles at Mons and Le Cateau, subjecting British tactics to a critique that goes beyond admiration for rapid rifle fire and presenting new and startling perspectives, showing how the Germans employed a high degree of tactical sophistication in conducting combined-arms operations. The odds were, in fact, even, and German casualties never reached the levels described in the standard histories. 'The Mons Myth' is the first history of these battles to take this approach in ninety years, and completely changes our understanding of what actually happened.

Annuaire stratégique et militaire 2003

Annuaire stratégique et militaire 2003 ebook ISBN: 2738168906
Publisher: Odile Jacob
Author: Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique,,François Heisbourg
Number of Pages: 512 
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Guerre d’Irak. Quelles sont les origines du conflit, les leçons du terrain, et les conséquences pour le Moyen-Orient, l’Europe, l’entier système international ? Une analyse exhaustive sur les tenants et les aboutissants de la chute de Saddam Hussein. Al Qaeda, Iran, Syrie, Corée du Nord. Où sont les crises à venir et les guerres en gestation ? Comment évaluer les menaces persistantes de l’hyperterrorisme et les risques liés à la prolifération des armes de destruction massive ? Un tableau détaillé des réseaux actifs et des " États-voyous ". Europe, États-Unis. Quelle place laisse l’hégémonie américaine aux anciennes alliances de la guerre froide ? Quels choix peuvent faire les Européens face à la montée des dangers ? Une mise en perspective des nouveaux défis du monde occidental. Un ouvrage indispensable, complet, informé, prospectif, pour comprendre les mutations planétaires d’aujourd’hui et de demain. Dirigé par François Heisbourg, établi par les experts et spécialistes de la Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, assuré du concours des meilleurs analystes, l’Annuaire stratégique et militaire 2003 dresse la première grande synthèse de langue française sur les bouleversements géopolitiques en cours.

The Trade-off Between Civil Liberties and Security in the United States and Germany After 9/11/01

The Trade-off Between Civil Liberties and Security in the United States and Germany After 9/11/01 ebook ISBN: 3836665522
Publisher: Diplomica Verlag
Author: Cora Zeugmann
Number of Pages: 114 
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Der 11. September 2001 hat die Welt ver ndert. Sowohl in den USA als auch in Deutschland haben die Terroranschl ge die Menschen nachhaltig in Angst versetzt. Anhand einer Untersuchung von Meinungsumfragen wird gezeigt, dass dies die Bereitschaft der Bev lkerung, Einschr nkungen von b rgerlichen Freiheiten zugunsten gesteigerter Sicherheitsbedingungen hinzunehmen, verst rkt hat. Dabei fanden vor allem Ma nahmen, die sich kollektiv oder auf Individuen ungeliebter Gesellschaftsgruppen auswirken Zuspruch. Es wird gezeigt, dass die F rsprecher st rkerer Sicherheitsbedingungen in beiden L ndern diese sich bietende Gelegenheit genutzt haben, um weitreichende Gesetzes nderungen wie den USA PATRIOT ACT und die deutschen Antiterrorgesetze I und II durchzusetzen. Diese Gesetze implementieren Ma nahmen, die zuvor jahrelang erfolgreich von Verfechtern b rgerlicher Freiheiten abgewehrt wurden. Anhand einer Untersuchung der berwachungsgesetze beider L nder vor und nach dem 11. September wird belegt, dass Voraussetzungen f r eine effektive staatliche Kontrolle, sowohl im geheimdienstlichen als auch Kriminalit tsbek mpfungssektor bereits vor 2001 vorhanden waren. Weiterhin wird dargestellt, dass die Anschl ge dazu genutzt wurden, Befugnisse der Exekutive zu st rken und gleichzeitig, vor allem in den USA aber zunehmend auch in Deutschland einer gerichtlichen Kontrolle zu entziehen. Dar ber hinaus werden die harschen Folgen f r "ungewollte" oder "verd chtige" Ausl nder nachgewiesen, indem die Behandlung Fremder vor dem 11. September mit dem Ausma der amerikanischen "Wegsperrtaktik" und dem deutschen Ansatz der grundrechtsfeindlichen und nahezu absoluten Daten berwachung nach den Terroranschl gen verglichen wird. Anhand immer weiter reichender Gesetzesvorschl ge, wie der, der zur erfolgreich eingef hrten Antiterrordatei in Deutschland und dem gescheiterten "PATRIOT Act II" in den USA gef hrt hat, wird des Weiteren die Annahme untermauert, dass die Verschiebung des Gleichgewichtes zwi

Middle Eastern Terrorism

Middle Eastern Terrorism ebook ISBN: 0812201876
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Author: Mark Ensalaco
Number of Pages: 328 
File: middle-eastern-terrorism.pdf
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Summary:

Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title Since the first airplane hijacking by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in September 1970, Middle Eastern terrorists have sacrificed innocent human lives in the name of ideology. From Black September to the Munich Olympics, to the embassy bombing in Beirut, to the devastating attacks of September 11 and beyond, terrorism has emerged as the most important security concern of our time. "Where did this come from?" Inspired by a student's question on the morning of September 11, 2001, Mark Ensalaco has written a thoroughly researched narrative account of the origins of Middle Eastern terrorism, addressing when and why terrorists started targeting Americans and American interests and what led to the September 11 attacks. Ensalaco reveals the changing of motivations from secular Palestinian nationalism to militant Islam and demonstrates how competition among terrorists for resources and notoriety has driven them to increasingly extreme tactics. As he argues, terrorist attacks grew from spectacle to atrocity. Drawing on popular works and scholarly sources, Middle Eastern Terrorism tells this story in rich detail and with great clarity and insight.

In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859-1864

In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859-1864 ebook ISBN: 0393247430
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Author: Edward L. Ayers
Number of Pages: 496 
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Winner of the Bancroft Prize: Through a gripping narrative based on massive new research, a leading historian reshapes our understanding of the Civil War. Our standard Civil War histories tell a reassuring story of the triumph, in an inevitable conflict, of the dynamic, free-labor North over the traditional, slave-based South, vindicating the freedom principles built into the nation's foundations. But at the time, on the borderlands of Pennsylvania and Virginia, no one expected war, and no one knew how it would turn out. The one certainty was that any war between the states would be fought in their fields and streets. Edward L. Ayers gives us a different Civil War, built on an intimate scale. He charts the descent into war in the Great Valley spanning Pennsylvania and Virginia. Connected by strong ties of every kind, including the tendrils of slavery, the people of this borderland sought alternatives to secession and war. When none remained, they took up war with startling intensity. As this book relays with a vivid immediacy, it came to their doorsteps in hunger, disease, and measureless death. Ayers's Civil War emerges from the lives of everyday people as well as those who helped shape history—John Brown and Frederick Douglass, Lincoln, Jackson, and Lee. His story ends with the valley ravaged, Lincoln's support fragmenting, and Confederate forces massing for a battle at Gettysburg.

The Empire of the City

The Empire of the City ebook ISBN: 1585092622
Publisher: Book Tree
Author: E. C. Knuth
Number of Pages: 112 
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A behind the scenes look at the secretive international policies of the British government and how this allowed them to rise to the top of a vast secret order of World Finance. Due to its power, "The City" is claimed to operate from an area of London as a super-government of the world, and has influence in virtually every major world event.

Theology for International Law

Theology for International Law ebook ISBN: 0567001393
Publisher: A&C Black
Author: Esther D. Reed
Number of Pages: 368 
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Summary:

Whilst Christian theology is familiar with questions about the relation of church and state, divine and human law, little attention has been devoted to questions of international law. Esther D. Reed offers a systematic engagement with contemporary issues of international law and its relevance for modern theology. Reed discusses numerous issue driven topics, including: challenges to classic just-war thinking from so-called fourth generation warfare, peoples and nationhood within divine providence, the ethics of territorial borders and the militarization of human intervention. By discussing selected biblical texts Reed helps to move the issues of international law higher up the agenda of Christian theology, ethics and moral reasoning.

Fear: Critical Geopolitics and Everyday Life

Fear: Critical Geopolitics and Everyday Life ebook ISBN: 1409487660
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Author: Dr Rachel Pain,Professor Susan J Smith
Number of Pages: 274 
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'Fear' in the twenty-first century has greater currency in western societies than ever before. Through scares ranging from cot death, juvenile crime, internet porn, asylum seekers, dirty bombs and avian flu, we are bombarded with messages about emerging risks. This book takes stock of a range of issues of 'fear' and presents new theoretical arguments and research findings that cover topics as diverse as the war on terror, the immigration crisis, stranger danger, global disease epidemics and sectarian violence. This book charts the association of fear discourses with particular spaces, times, social identities and sets of geopolitical relations. It examines the ways in which fear may be manufactured and manipulated for political purposes, sometimes becoming a tool of repression, and relates fear to political, economic and social marginalization at different scales. Furthermore, it highlights the importance and sometimes unpredictability of everyday lived experiences of fear - the many ways in which people recognize, make sense of and manage fear; the extent of resistance to fear; the relation of fear and hope in everyday life; and the role of emotions in galvanizing political and social action and change.

The Fall and Rise of Freedom of Contract

The Fall and Rise of Freedom of Contract ebook ISBN: 9780822323334
Publisher: Duke University Press
Author: F. H. Buckley
Number of Pages: 461 
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Summary:

DIVOriginal essays by prominent legal scholars on the recent intellectual revival of freedom of contract and the value of free bargaining; the essays will be gleaned from a series of conferences organized around areas where bargaining rights might be expande/div

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow ebook ISBN: 1473841879
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Author: Arthur J Marder
Number of Pages: 381 
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Summary:

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan. A J P Taylor wrote that 'his naval history has a unique fascination. To unrivalled mastery of sources he adds a gift of simple narrative . . . He is beyond praise, as he is beyond cavil.' The five volumes were subtitled The Royal Navy in the Fisher Era, 1904–1919 and they are still, despite recent major contributions from Robert Massie and Andrew Gordan, regarded by many as the definitive history of naval events leading up to and including the Great War. The fourth volume covers the period from Jellicoe's arrival at the Admiralty to deal with the U-boat menace until his dismissal a year later. Mounting losses brought about the introduction of the convoy system and the turn of the tide in anti-submarine warfare. The volume also looks at the beginnings of naval aviation. A new introduction by Barry Gough, the distinguished Canadian maritime and naval historian, assesses the importance of Marder's work and anchors it firmly amongst the great naval narrative histories of this era. This new paperback edition will bring a truly great work to a new generation of historians and general readers

Freedom on the Fatal Shore

Freedom on the Fatal Shore ebook ISBN: 1921866322
Publisher: Black Inc.
Author: John Hirst
Number of Pages: 512 
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Freedom on the Fatal Shore brings together John Hirst's two books on the early history of New South Wales. Both are classic accounts which have had a profound effect on the understanding of our history. This combined edition includes a new foreword by the author. Convicts with their "own time", convicts with legal rights, convicts making money, convicts getting drunk - what sort of prison was this? Hirst describes how the convict colony actually worked and how Australian democracy came into being, despite the opposition of the most powerful. He writes: "This was not a society that had to become free; its freedoms were well established from the earliest times." “Colonial Australia was a more ‘normal’ place than one might imagine from the folkloric picture of society governed by the lash and the triangle, composed of groaning white slaves tyrannised by ruthless masters. The book that best conveys this and has rightly become a landmark in recent studies of the System is J.B. Hirst’s Convict Society and Its Enemies.” —Robert Hughes, The Fatal Shore “Anyone with an interest in Australian political culture will find The Strange Birth of Colonial Democracy invaluable.” —Professor Colin Hughes, former Electoral Commissioner for the Commonwealth