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## Philosophical Logic

ISBN: 9780415023184 | |

Publisher: Psychology Press | |

Author: Sybil Wolfram | |

Number of Pages: 290 | |

File: philosophical-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 5250676 | |

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## Summary:A basic introduction to the subject which addresses questions of truth and meaning, providing a basis for much of what is discussed elsewhere in philosophy. Up-to-date and comprehensive. |

## Logical Forms

ISBN: 9780631177777 | |

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell | |

Author: Richard Mark Sainsbury | |

Number of Pages: 398 | |

File: logical-forms.pdf | |

Reads: 301383 | |

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## Summary:Logical Forms examines the formal languages of classical first order logic and modal logic, and some alternatives and in each case takes as the central question: how can natural language best be formalized in this formal language? The approach involves close encounters with issues in the philosophy of logic and the philosophy of logic and the philosophy of language. |

## An Introduction to Philosophical Logic

ISBN: 9780631199823 | |

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell | |

Author: Anthony C. Grayling | |

Number of Pages: 352 | |

File: an-introduction-to-philosophical-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 2404337 | |

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## Summary:An Introduction to Philosophical Logic has been a popular mainstay among students taking courses in philosophical logic and the philosophy of language since it was first published in 1982. |

## Logical Forms

ISBN: 9780631216797 | |

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell | |

Author: Mark Sainsbury | |

Number of Pages: 436 | |

File: logical-forms.pdf | |

Reads: 2529443 | |

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## Summary:Logical Forms explains both the detailed problems involved in finding logical forms and also the theoretical underpinnings of philosophical logic. In this revised edition, exercises are integrated throughout the book. The result is a genuinely interactive introduction which engages the reader in developing the argument. Each chapter concludes with updated notes to guide further reading. |

## Summa Philosophica: An Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

ISBN: 1304531481 | |

Publisher: Lulu.com | |

Author: Ephraim-Stephen Essien (Ed) | |

Number of Pages: N.A | |

File: summa-philosophica-an-introduction-to-philosophy-and-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 5221944 | |

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## An Introduction to Symbolic Logic

ISBN: 9780486601649 | |

Publisher: Courier Corporation | |

Author: Langer | |

Number of Pages: 384 | |

File: an-introduction-to-symbolic-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 6590764 | |

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## Summary:Famous classic has introduced countless readers to symbolic logic with its thorough and precise exposition. Starts with simple symbols and conventions and concludes with the Boole-Schroeder and Russell-Whitehead systems. No special knowledge of mathematics necessary. "One of the clearest and simplest introductions to a subject which is very much alive." — Mathematics Gazette. |

## The Concept of Logical Consequence

ISBN: 9781433106453 | |

Publisher: Peter Lang | |

Author: Matthew W. McKeon | |

Number of Pages: 164 | |

File: the-concept-of-logical-consequence.pdf | |

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## Summary:The Concept of Logical Consequence is a critical evaluation of the model-theoretic and proof-theoretic characterizations of logical consequence that proceeds from Alfred Tarski's characterization of the informal concept of logical consequence. This study evaluates and expands upon ideas set forth in Tarski's 1936 article on logical consequence, and appeals to his 1935 article on truth. Classical logic, as well as extensions and deviations are considered. Issues in the philosophy of logic such as the nature of logical constants, the philosophical significance of completeness, and the metaphysical and epistemological implications of logic are discussed in the context of the examination of the concept of logical consequence. |

## Philosophical Logic

ISBN: 1441119116 | |

Publisher: A&C Black | |

Author: George Englebretsen,Charles Sayward | |

Number of Pages: 208 | |

File: philosophical-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 36109 | |

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## Summary:Introduces students to non-classical logic, syllogistic, to quantificational and modal logic. The book includes exercises throughout and a glossary of terms and symbols. |

## An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic

ISBN: 1108603289 | |

Publisher: Cambridge University Press | |

Author: Daniel Cohnitz,Luis Estrada-González | |

Number of Pages: N.A | |

File: an-introduction-to-the-philosophy-of-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 3062171 | |

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## Summary:Philosophy of logic is a fundamental part of philosophical study, and one which is increasingly recognized as being immensely important in relation to many issues in metaphysics, metametaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of language. This textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to topics including the objectivity of logical inference rules and its relevance in discussions of epistemological relativism, the revived interest in logical pluralism, the question of logic's metaphysical neutrality, and the demarcation between logic and mathematics. Chapters in the book cover the state of the art in contemporary philosophy of logic, and allow students to understand the philosophical relevance of these debates without having to contend with complex technical arguments. This will be a major new resource for students working on logic, as well as for readers seeking a better understanding of philosophy of logic in its wider context. |

## An Introduction to Logical Theory

ISBN: 1770483942 | |

Publisher: Broadview Press | |

Author: Aladdin M. Yaqub | |

Number of Pages: 450 | |

File: an-introduction-to-logical-theory.pdf | |

Reads: 9153148 | |

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## Summary:This book reclaims logic as a branch of philosophy, offering a self-contained and complete introduction to the three traditional systems of classical logic (term, sentence, and predicate logic) and the philosophical issues that surround those systems. The exposition is lucid, clear, and engaging. Practical methods are favored over the traditional, and creative approaches over the merely mechanical. The author’s guiding principle is to introduce classical logic in an intellectually honest way, and not to shy away from difficulties and controversies where they arise. Relevant philosophical issues, such as the relation between the meaning and the referent of a proper name, logical versus metaphysical possibility, and the conceptual content of an expression, are discussed throughout. In this way, the book is not only an introduction to the three main systems of classical logic, but also an introduction to the philosophy of classical logic. |

## An Introduction to Hegel's Logic

ISBN: 9780872204249 | |

Publisher: Hackett Publishing | |

Author: Justus Hartnack | |

Number of Pages: 126 | |

File: an-introduction-to-hegel-s-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 3722700 | |

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## Summary:Justus Hartnack provides a highly accessible, philosophically astute introduction to Hegel's logic--one of those rare books that rewards readers at any level of sophistication--and the ideal text for students about to embark on the study of this challenging topic. |

## An Introduction to Non-Classical Logic

ISBN: 9781139469678 | |

Publisher: Cambridge University Press | |

Author: Graham Priest | |

Number of Pages: N.A | |

File: an-introduction-to-non-classical-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 5922442 | |

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## Summary:This revised and considerably expanded 2nd edition brings together a wide range of topics, including modal, tense, conditional, intuitionist, many-valued, paraconsistent, relevant, and fuzzy logics. Part 1, on propositional logic, is the old Introduction, but contains much new material. Part 2 is entirely new, and covers quantification and identity for all the logics in Part 1. The material is unified by the underlying theme of world semantics. All of the topics are explained clearly using devices such as tableau proofs, and their relation to current philosophical issues and debates are discussed. Students with a basic understanding of classical logic will find this book an invaluable introduction to an area that has become of central importance in both logic and philosophy. It will also interest people working in mathematics and computer science who wish to know about the area. |

## An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic

ISBN: 9780521775014 | |

Publisher: Cambridge University Press | |

Author: Ian Hacking,Hacking Ian | |

Number of Pages: 302 | |

File: an-introduction-to-probability-and-inductive-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 976784 | |

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## Summary:An introductory 2001 textbook on probability and induction written by a foremost philosopher of science. |

## The Blackwell Guide to Philosophical Logic

ISBN: 9780631206934 | |

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell | |

Author: Lou Goble | |

Number of Pages: 522 | |

File: the-blackwell-guide-to-philosophical-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 5240105 | |

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## Summary:This volume presents a definitive introduction to twenty core areas of philosophical logic including classical logic, modal logic, alternative logics and close examinations of key logical concepts. |

## A Companion to Philosophical Logic

ISBN: 1405149949 | |

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons | |

Author: Dale Jacquette | |

Number of Pages: 832 | |

File: a-companion-to-philosophical-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 8440556 | |

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## Summary:This collection of newly comissioned essays by international contributors offers a representative overview of the most important developments in contemporary philosophical logic. Presents controversies in philosophical implications and applications of formal symbolic logic. Surveys major trends and offers original insights. |

## An Introduction to Formal Logic

ISBN: 9780521008044 | |

Publisher: Cambridge University Press | |

Author: Peter Smith | |

Number of Pages: 357 | |

File: an-introduction-to-formal-logic.pdf | |

Reads: 7816509 | |

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## Summary:Formal logic provides us with a powerful set of techniques for criticizing some arguments and showing others to be valid. These techniques are relevant to all of us with an interest in being skilful and accurate reasoners. In this highly accessible book, Peter Smith presents a guide to the fundamental aims and basic elements of formal logic. He introduces the reader to the languages of propositional and predicate logic, and then develops formal systems for evaluating arguments translated into these languages, concentrating on the easily comprehensible 'tree' method. His discussion is richly illustrated with worked examples and exercises. A distinctive feature is that, alongside the formal work, there is illuminating philosophical commentary. This book will make an ideal text for a first logic course, and will provide a firm basis for further work in formal and philosophical logic. |

## Meaning and Argument

ISBN: 1118455215 | |

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons | |

Author: Ernest Lepore,Sam Cumming | |

Number of Pages: 464 | |

File: meaning-and-argument.pdf | |

Reads: 1244206 | |

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## Summary:Meaning and Argument is a popular introduction to philosophy of logic and philosophy of language. Offers a distinctive philosophical, rather than mathematical, approach to logic Concentrates on symbolization and works out all the technical logic with truth tables instead of derivations Incorporates the insights of half a century's work in philosophy and linguistics on anaphora by Peter Geach, Gareth Evans, Hans Kamp, and Irene Heim among others Contains numerous exercises and a corresponding answer key An extensive appendix allows readers to explore subjects that go beyond what is usually covered in an introductory logic course Updated edition includes over a dozen new problem sets and revisions throughout Features an accompanying website at http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/~logic/MeaningArgument.html |

## Thinking Things Through

ISBN: 9780262571197 | |

Publisher: MIT Press | |

Author: Clark Glymour | |

Number of Pages: 382 | |

File: thinking-things-through.pdf | |

Reads: 5458931 | |

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## Summary:Thinking Things Through provides a broad, historical, and rigorous introduction to the logical tradition in philosophy and to its contemporary significance. The presentation is centered around three of the most fruitful issues in Western thought: What are proofs, and why do they provide knowledge? How can experience be used to gain knowledge or to alter beliefs in a rational way? What is the nature of mind and of mental events and mental states? In a clear and lively style, Glymour describes these key philosophical problems and traces attempts to solve them, from ancient Greece to the present. Thinking Things Through reveals the philosophical sources of modern work in logic, the theory of computation, Bayesian statistics, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, and it connects these subjects with contemporary problems in epistemology and metaphysics. The text is full of examples and problems, and an instructor's manual is available.Clark Glymour is Alumni Professor of Philosophy at Carnegie-Mellon University and Adjunct Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. |

## An Introduction to Philosophy

ISBN: 0742550532 | |

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield | |

Author: Jacques Maritain,E. I. Watkin | |

Number of Pages: 202 | |

File: an-introduction-to-philosophy.pdf | |

Reads: 3038128 | |

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## Summary:Jacques Maritain's An Introduction to Philosophy was first published in 1931. Since then, this book has stood the test of time as a clear guide to what philosophy is and how to philosophize. Inspired by the Thomistic Revival called for by Leo XIII, Maritain relies heavily on Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas to shape a philosophy that, far from sectarian theology in disguise, is driven by reason and engages the modern world. Re-released as part of the Sheed & Ward Classic series, An Introduction to Philosophy is sure to enliven the minds of students and general readers for years to come. From the new introduction by Ralph McInerny: You are about to read a magnificent introduction not only to a kind of philosophy but to philosophizing itself. Jacques Maritain was a relatively young man when he wrote this book, but his effort is one that attracts any philosopher more and more as he grows older. However odd and unusual what he says becomes, the philosopher yearns to show how even the most abstruse claims can be put into relation with what the reader already knows. That, in its essence, is what teaching is. In this book, the reader will find a wise and certain guide into philosophizing as such. And, in the end, he will find that what he reads is really only a refinement and development of what he and everybody else already knew. |

## An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

ISBN: 0486140865 | |

Publisher: Courier Corporation | |

Author: Rudolf Carnap | |

Number of Pages: 336 | |

File: an-introduction-to-the-philosophy-of-science.pdf | |

Reads: 9970049 | |

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## Summary:Stimulating, thought-provoking text by one of the 20th century's most creative philosophers makes accessible such topics as probability, measurement and quantitative language, causality and determinism, theoretical laws and concepts, more. |