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An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Language

An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Language ebook ISBN: 9780262650441
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Lila R. Gleitman,Daniel N. Osherson,Mark Liberman
Number of Pages: 445 
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Summary:

Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results.

An Invitation to Cognitive Science

An Invitation to Cognitive Science ebook ISBN: 9780262650465
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Daniel N. Osherson,Don Scarborough,Saul Sternberg
Number of Pages: 950 
File: an-invitation-to-cognitive-science.pdf
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Summary:

The chapters in this volume span many areas of cognitive science -- including artificial intelligence, neural network models, animal cognition, signal detection theory, computational models, reaction-time methods, and cognitive neuroscience. An Invitation to Cognitive Science provides a point of entry into the vast realm of cognitive science by treating in depth examples of issues and theories from many subfields. The first three volumes of the series cover Language, Visual Cognition, and Thinking. Volume 4, Methods, Models, and Conceptual Issues, expands the series in new directions. The chapters span many areas of cognitive science -- including artificial intelligence, neural network models, animal cognition, signal detection theory, computational models, reaction-time methods, and cognitive neuroscience. The volume also offers introductions to several general methods and theoretical approaches for analyzing the mind, and shows how some of these approaches are applied in the development of quantitative models. Rather than general and inevitably superficial surveys of areas, the contributors present "case studies" -- detailed accounts of one or two achievements within an area. The goal is to tell a good story, challenging the reader to embark on an intellectual adventure.

An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Thinking

An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Thinking ebook ISBN: 9780262650434
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Edward E. Smith,Daniel N. Osherson
Number of Pages: 440 
File: an-invitation-to-cognitive-science-thinking.pdf
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Summary:

Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results.

An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual cognition

An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual cognition ebook ISBN: 9780262150422
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Stephen Michael Kosslyn,Daniel N. Osherson
Number of Pages: 363 
File: an-invitation-to-cognitive-science-visual-cognition.pdf
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Summary:

An Invitation to Cognitive Science provides a point of entry into the vast realm of cognitive science, offering selected examples of issues and theories from many of its subfields. All of the volumes in the second edition contain substantially revised and as well as entirely new chapters.Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results. Each chapter tells a coherent scientific story, whether developing themes and ideas or describing a particular model and exploring its implications.The volumes are self contained and can be used individually in upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses ranging from introductory psychology, linguistics, cognitive science, and decision sciences, to social psychology, philosophy of mind, rationality, language, and vision science.

An Invitation to Cognitive Science

An Invitation to Cognitive Science ebook ISBN: 9780631170051
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Author: Justin Lieber
Number of Pages: 180 
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Summary:

Professor Leiber's exuberant but incisive book illuminates the inquiry's beginnings in Plato, in the physiology and psychology of Descartes, in the formal work of Russell and Gödel, and in Wittgenstein's critique of folk psychology.

An Invitation to Cognitive Science

An Invitation to Cognitive Science ebook ISBN: 9780262650465
Publisher: Bradford Books
Author: Daniel N. Osherson,Don Scarborough,Saul Sternberg
Number of Pages: 964 
File: an-invitation-to-cognitive-science.pdf
Reads: 3827907
 
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Summary:

The chapters in this volume span many areas of cognitive science -- including artificial intelligence, neural network models, animal cognition, signal detection theory, computational models, reaction-time methods, and cognitive neuroscience. An Invitation to Cognitive Science provides a point of entry into the vast realm of cognitive science by treating in depth examples of issues and theories from many subfields. The first three volumes of the series cover Language, Visual Cognition, and Thinking. Volume 4, Methods, Models, and Conceptual Issues, expands the series in new directions. The chapters span many areas of cognitive science -- including artificial intelligence, neural network models, animal cognition, signal detection theory, computational models, reaction-time methods, and cognitive neuroscience. The volume also offers introductions to several general methods and theoretical approaches for analyzing the mind, and shows how some of these approaches are applied in the development of quantitative models. Rather than general and inevitably superficial surveys of areas, the contributors present "case studies" -- detailed accounts of one or two achievements within an area. The goal is to tell a good story, challenging the reader to embark on an intellectual adventure.

Language

Language ebook ISBN:
Publisher:
Author: Daniel N. Osherson,Howard Lasnik
Number of Pages: 273 
File: language.pdf
Reads: 116228
 
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Social Mindscapes

Social Mindscapes ebook ISBN: 9780674045439
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Number of Pages: 176 
File: social-mindscapes.pdf
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Why do we eat sardines, but never goldfish; ducks, but never parrots? Why does adding cheese make a hamburger a cheeseburger whereas adding ketchup does not make it a ketchupburger? By the same token, how do we determine which things said at a meeting should be included in the minutes and which ought to be considered off the record and officially disregarded? In this wide-ranging and provocative book, Eviatar Zerubavel argues that cognitive science cannot answer these questions, since it addresses cognition on only two levels: the individual and the universal. To fill the gap between the Romantic vision of the solitary thinker whose thoughts are the product of unique experience, and the cognitive-psychological view, which revolves around the search for the universal foundations of human cognition, Zerubavel charts an expansive social realm of mind--a domain that focuses on the conventional, normative aspects of the way we think. With witty anecdote and revealing analogy, Zerubavel illuminates the social foundation of mental actions such as perceiving, attending, classifying, remembering, assigning meaning, and reckoning the time. What takes place inside our heads, he reminds us, is deeply affected by our social environments, which are typically groups that are larger than the individual yet considerably smaller than the human race. Thus, we develop a nonuniversal software for thinking as Americans or Chinese, lawyers or teachers, Catholics or Jews, Baby Boomers or Gen-Xers. Zerubavel explores the fascinating ways in which thought communities carve up and classify reality, assign meanings, and perceive things, defamiliarizing in the process many taken-for-granted assumptions.

Visual Cognition

Visual Cognition ebook ISBN: 9780262650427
Publisher: Bradford Books
Author: Stephen Michael Kosslyn,Daniel N. Osherson
Number of Pages: 363 
File: visual-cognition.pdf
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Summary:

Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results.

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science ebook ISBN: 9780262571005
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Alvin I. Goldman
Number of Pages: 860 
File: readings-in-philosophy-and-cognitive-science.pdf
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Summary:

This collection of readings shows how cognitive science can influence most of the primary branches of philosophy, as well as how philosophy critically examines the foundations of cognitive science. Its broad coverage extends beyond current texts that focus mainly on the impact of cognitive science on philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology, to include materials that are relevant to five other branches of philosophy: epistemology, philosophy of science (and mathematics), metaphysics, language, and ethics. The readings are organized by philosophical fields, with selections evenly divided between philosophers and cognitive scientists. They draw on research in numerous areas of cognitive science, including cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, psychology of reasoning and judgment, artificial intelligence, linguistics, and neuropsychology. There are timely treatments of current topics and debates such as the innate understanding of number, children's theory of mind, self-knowledge, consciousness, connectionism, and ethics and cognitive science.

The Postmodern Brain

The Postmodern Brain ebook ISBN: 9027251215
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Author: Gordon G. Globus
Number of Pages: 188 
File: the-postmodern-brain.pdf
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Summary:

This interdisciplinary work discloses an unexpected coherence between recent concepts in brain science and postmodern thought. A nonlinear dynamical model of brain states is viewed as an autopoietic, autorhoetic, self-organizing, self-tuning eruption under multiple constraints and guided by an overarching optimization principle which insures conservation of invariances and enhancement of symmetries. The nonlinear dynamical brain as developed shows quantum nonlocality, undergoes chaotic regimes, and does not compute. Heidegger and Derrida are appropriated as dynamical theorists who are concerned respectively with the movement of time and being ("Ereignis") and text ("Differance"). The chasm between postmodern thought and the thoroughly metaphysical theory that the brain computes is breached, once the nonlinear dynamical framework is adopted. The book is written in a postmodern style, making playful, opportunistic use of marginalia and dreams, and presenting a nonserial surface of broken complexity. (Series A)

Dictionnaire des Idées & Notions en Sciences de la vie et de la Terre

Dictionnaire des Idées & Notions en Sciences de la vie et de la Terre ebook ISBN: 2852291312
Publisher: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Author: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Number of Pages: 574 
File: dictionnaire-des-idées-notions-en-sciences-de-la-vie-et-de-la-terre.pdf
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Summary:

Idées & Notions : joli titre pour une collection consacrée au savoir. Mais comment se relient les deux faces de ce diptyque ? Il est possible de le dire en peu de mots. Le volet « idées » traite des courants de pensée. Il passe en revue les théories, manifestes, écoles, doctrines. Mais toutes ces constructions s’élaborent à partir de « notions » qui les alimentent. Les notions sont les briques, les outils de base de la pensée, de la recherche, de la vie intellectuelle. Éclairons la distinction par un exemple : l’inconscient est une notion, le freudisme une idée. Les droits de l’homme, la concurrence ou l’évolution sont des notions. La théologie de la libération, la théorie néo-classique ou le darwinisme sont des idées. Notions et idées sont complémentaires. Les unes ne vont pas sans les autres. Notions et idées s’articulent, s’entrechoquent, s’engendrent mutuellement. Leur confrontation, qui remonte parfois à un lointain passé, tient la première place dans les débats d’aujourd’hui. La force de cette collection, c’est de les réunir et de les faire dialoguer. Le présent volume sélectionne idées et notions autour d’un thème commun : Dictionnaire des Idées & Notions en Sciences de la vie et de la Terre.

The Essential Chomsky

The Essential Chomsky ebook ISBN: 1595585664
Publisher: New Press/ORIM
Author: Noam Chomsky
Number of Pages: 528 
File: the-essential-chomsky.pdf
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Summary:

The seminal writings of America’s leading philosopher, linguist, and political thinker—“the foremost gadfly of our national conscience” (The New York Times). For the past fifty years Noam Chomsky’s writings on politics and language have established him as a preeminent public intellectual as well as one of the most original political and social critics of our time. Among the seminal figures in linguistic theory over the past century, Chomsky has also secured a place among the most influential dissident voice in the United States. Chomsky’s many bestselling works—including Manufacturing Consent, Hegemony or Survival, Understanding Power, and Failed States—have served as essential touchstones for activists, scholars, and concerned citizens on subjects ranging from the media and intellectual freedom to human rights and war crimes. In particular, Chomsky’s scathing critique of the US wars in Vietnam, Central America, and the Middle East have furnished a widely accepted intellectual premise for antiwar movements for nearly four decades. The Essential Chomsky assembles the core of his most important writings, including excerpts from his most influential texts over the past half century. Here is an unprecedented, comprehensive overview of the thought that animates “one of the West’s most influential intellectuals in the cause of peace” (The Independent). “Chomsky ranks with Marx, Shakespeare, and the Bible as one of the ten most quoted sources in the humanities—and is the only writer among them still alive.” —The Guardian “Noam Chomsky is one of the most significant challengers of unjust power and delusions; he goes against every assumption about American altruism and humanitarianism.” —Edward Said “A rebel without a pause.” —Bono

Cognitive Patterns

Cognitive Patterns ebook ISBN: 9780521649988
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Karen M. Gardner,Alexander R. Rush,Michael Crist,Robert Konitzer,Bobbin Teegarden
Number of Pages: 231 
File: cognitive-patterns.pdf
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Summary:

Presents the concepts and terminology of cognitive patterns and modeling and explains the uniqueness of cognitive patterns as an approach in modeling business systems and processes.

Dictionnaire des Idées

Dictionnaire des Idées ebook ISBN: 2852299348
Publisher: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Author: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Number of Pages: 2317 
File: dictionnaire-des-idées.pdf
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Summary:

Premier ouvrage en son genre, le Dictionnaire des Idées répertorie et explique l’ensemble des idées qui permettent de comprendre le monde d’hier et d’aujourd’hui. Et ce dans tous les domaines du savoir : politique, économie, philosophie, religion, mais aussi arts, littérature, musique, physique ou chimie, astronomie, mathématique, etc. Qu’il s’agisse de courants et mouvements marquants, de pensées novatrices, d’écoles, d’académies, de filiations, d’idéologies, de traditions, de révolutions, de partis, de croyances..., le Dictionnaire des Idées présente et commente 400 idées fondamentales : Anarchisme, Cartésianisme, Chiisme, Constructivisme, Dérive des continents, École de Vienne, Encyclopédisme, Figuralisme, Hindouisme, Hippocratisme, Keynésianisme, Kitsch, Lacanisme, Réalisme socialiste, Shinto, Subaltern Studies, Surréalisme... Un ouvrage de référence inédit pour apprendre à décrypter les grilles de lecture de notre monde. À PROPOS DE L'ÉDITEUR Encyclopædia Universalis édite depuis 1968 un fonds éditorial à partir de son produit principal : l’encyclopédie du même nom.Dédiée à la recherche documentaire, la culture générale et l’enseignement, l’Encyclopædia Universalis est la plus importante encyclopédie généraliste de langue française et une des plus renommées du monde, équivalant à la célèbre encyclopédie américaine Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Universalis développe et maintient une politique éditoriale très exigeante, ce qui lui confère le statut d’encyclopédie de référence. Depuis sa création, plus de 7 400 auteurs spécialistes de renommée internationale, parmi lesquels de très nombreux universitaires tous choisis pour leur expertise, sont venus enrichir et garantir la qualité du fonds éditorial de l’entreprise.Son savoir-faire est également technique. Dès 1995, l’encyclopédie a été développée sur support numérique. Ses contenus sont aujourd’hui disponibles sur Internet, e-books, et DVD-Rom. Ils sont accessibles sur ordinateur, tablette ou smartphone. L’entreprise a conçu un moteur de recherche exclusif et ultraperformant qui permet aux utilisateurs d’obtenir des résultats incroyablement précis, grâce à plusieurs modes de recherche (par mot clé, par thème, par média...). Forte de ces atouts, Encyclopædia Universalis s’adresse à la fois à l’ensemble des particuliers et au monde de l’éducation.Un partenariat a été développé avec l’Éducation nationale dès 1999 pour mettre à la disposition des établissements secondaires et des universités une version adaptée du fonds encyclopédique. Une nouvelle encyclopédie a ensuite été conçue pour les écoles élémentaires. Encyclopædia Universalis se positionne aujourd’hui comme un acteur essentiel dans le nouveau panorama de l’éducation numérique.

Prerational Intelligence

Prerational Intelligence ebook ISBN: 9780792366652
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Holk Cruse,Jeffrey Dean,Helge Ritter
Number of Pages: 1676 
File: prerational-intelligence.pdf
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Summary:

The focus of prerational intelligence is on the way animals and artificial systems utilize information about their surroundings in order to behave intelligently; the premise is that logic and symbolic reasoning are neither necessary nor, possibly, sufficient. Experts in the fields of biology, psychology, robotics, AI, mathematics, engineering, computer science, and philosophy review the evidence that intelligent behaviour can arise in systems of simple agents interacting according to simple rules; that self-organization and interaction with the environment are critical; and that quick approximations may replace logical analyses. It is argued that a better understanding of the intelligence inherent in procedure like those illustrated will eventually shed light on how rational intelligence is realised in humans. Readership: Scientifically literate general readers and scientists in all fields interested in understanding and duplicating biological intelligence.

Foundations of Cognitive Psychology

Foundations of Cognitive Psychology ebook ISBN: 9780262621595
Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Daniel J. Levitin
Number of Pages: 862 
File: foundations-of-cognitive-psychology.pdf
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Summary:

An anthology of core readings on cognitive psychology.

Mind

Mind ebook ISBN: 087220832X
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
Author: André Kukla,Joel Walmsley
Number of Pages: 199 
File: mind.pdf
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Summary:

An historical overview and evaluation of modern psychology's theoretical foundations, Mind ranges from Descartes to dynamics in its discussion of such topics as introspectionism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and the varieties of contemporary cognitive science. Throughout, these theories are examined and assessed as attempts to construct an overall conception of the perso--as general theories of human nature.