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Somalia in Transition since 2006

Somalia in Transition since 2006 ebook ISBN: 1412854385
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Author: Shaul Shay
Number of Pages: 317 
File: somalia-in-transition-since-2006.pdf
Reads: 425353


This book picks up where its predecessor, Somalia between Jihad and Restoration, left off, examining international efforts to stabilize war-torn Somalia. It analyzes major political events in Somalia in the years since 2006, examining opportunities for restoration of the country based on the United Nations-backed plan known as the "Roadmap for the End of the Transition," improved security conditions, and international economics and financial support. The author notes that the time of transition may be over, according to the timetable of the United Nations, but it is clear that the work of transformation is just beginning. In considering whether political and social chaos in Somalia is ending, Shay sees two possible futures. One possibility is the establishment of a reform government that unifies Somali society; another is continued strife that accelerates Somalia’s descent into the endless violence of a failed state. Shay believes the international approach to Somalia requires a thorough reassessment. He argues it has been limited to two Western priorities—terrorism and piracy—while largely ignoring domestic issues of critical concern to Somalis. As a result, many Somalis have come to view those participating in the international effort as a foreign occupation.

Terrorism: The Essential Reference Guide

Terrorism: The Essential Reference Guide ebook ISBN: 144085629X
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Author: Colin P. Clarke Ph.D.
Number of Pages: 335 
File: terrorism-the-essential-reference-guide.pdf
Reads: 9203427


This reference is essential reading for anyone attempting to understand modern terrorism by studying the arc of terrorism throughout history, from anarchists to Al Qaeda, ISIS, and beyond. • Provides readers with an overview of how terrorism has changed over time and what new threats may be on the horizon • Analyzes counterterrorism policies and what emerging trends should be considered to more effectively counter the threat posed by international terrorism • Offers a sweeping tour of terrorist groups; their tactics, techniques, and procedures; and their ideologies, motivations, and objectives • Provides an A–Z review of "who's who" in the annals of modern terrorism

Contemporary Security Issues in Africa

Contemporary Security Issues in Africa ebook ISBN: 1440851913
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Author: William A. Taylor
Number of Pages: 241 
File: contemporary-security-issues-in-africa.pdf
Reads: 2413971


This compelling book serves as a comprehensive resource for readers interested in contemporary security issues in Africa. It details the impact of complex challenges in Africa and explains why addressing them grows increasingly important. • Acknowledges principal terms, underlying concepts, and specific case studies in an exploratory overview of contemporary security issues in Africa • Emphasizes the international and regional security threats caused by contemporary security issues in Africa as a continent as well as in the context of individual countries • Employs a case study methodology, which should prove useful in a range of courses on topics including security studies, international relations, comparative politics, military history, and African history • Examines linkages between various security issues, offering an integrated appraisal of how and why these issues impact one another while considering developments, trends, and future prospects

Private Security in Africa

Private Security in Africa ebook ISBN: 178699027X
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
Author: Doctor Paul Higate,Mats Utas
Number of Pages: 192 
File: private-security-in-africa.pdf
Reads: 7643494


Across Africa, growing economic inequality, instability and urbanization have led to the rapid spread of private security providers. While these PSPs have already had a significant impact on African societies, their impact has so far received little in the way of comprehensive analysis. Drawing on a wide range of disciplinary approaches, and encompassing anthropology, sociology and political science, Private Security in Africa offers unique insight into the lives and experiences of security providers and those affected by them, as well as into the fragile state context which has allowed them to thrive. Featuring original empirical research and case studies ranging from private policing in South Africa to the recruitment of Sierra Leoneans for private security work in Iraq, the book considers the full implications of PSPs for security and the state, not only for Africa but for the world as a whole.

Changing US Security Strategy

Changing US Security Strategy ebook ISBN: 1442225343
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Author: Anthony H. Cordesman
Number of Pages: 114 
File: changing-us-security-strategy.pdf
Reads: 2836089


More than a decade into the “war on terrorism,” much of the political debate in the United States is still fixated on the legacy of 9/11. US politics has a partisan fixation on Benghazi, the Boston Marathon bombing, intelligence intercepts, and Guantanamo. Far too much attention still focuses on “terrorism” at a time the United States faces a much broader range of threats from the instability in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Islamic world.

Principles of Emergency Management

Principles of Emergency Management ebook ISBN: 1466516690
Publisher: CRC Press
Author: Michael J. Fagel
Number of Pages: 585 
File: principles-of-emergency-management.pdf
Reads: 7698702


Principles of Emergency Management: Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation offers preparedness and mitigation recommendations for advanced emergency planning. Because disasters are so unpredictable, advance planning is needed to effectively respond to and mitigate against the potential effects of such events.Whether a disaster is natural or man-made

Complete Guide to Al-Shabaab, Al-Qaeda, Mujahideen Youth Movement (MYM), Terrorism in East Africa, Somalia, Mall Attack in Nairobi, Kenya, Transnational Terrorist Threat

Complete Guide to Al-Shabaab, Al-Qaeda, Mujahideen Youth Movement (MYM), Terrorism in East Africa, Somalia, Mall Attack in Nairobi, Kenya, Transnational Terrorist Threat ebook ISBN: 9781521455487
Author: State Department,Department of Defense,U. S. Military,White House,U. S. Government
Number of Pages: 327 
File: complete-guide-to-al-shabaab-al-qaeda-mujahideen-youth-movement-mym-terrorism-in-east-africa-somalia-mall-attack-in-nairobi-kenya-transnational-terrorist-threat.pdf
Reads: 617955


This unique ebook provides a thorough review of all aspects of the threat posed by terrorists from East Africa, focusing on the al-Shabaab group (also known as the Mujahideen Youth Movement MYM). These al-Qaeda affiliated terrorists claimed responsibility for the brutal assault on the Westgate Shopping Mall in Nairobi, Kenya on September 21, 2013.Contents: Part 1: Overview * Part 2: Somalia: Line in the Sand -- Identification Of MYM Vulnerabilities * Part 3: Senate Hearings, Violent Islamist Extremism: Al-Shabaab Recruitment in America * Part 4: House Hearings, The Extent of Radicalization in the American Muslim Community and that Community's Response * Part 5: Countering Terrorism in East Africa: The U.S. ResponseThe Harakat Shabaab al-Mujahidin--also known as al-Shabaab, Shabaab, the Youth, Mujahidin al-Shabaab Movement, Mujahideen Youth Movement, and many other names and variations--was the militant wing of the Somali Council of Islamic Courts that took over most of southern Somalia in the second half of 2006. Although the Somali government and Ethiopian forces defeated the group in a two-week war between December 2006 and January 2007, al-Shabaab--a clan-based insurgent and terrorist group--has continued its violent insurgency in southern and central Somalia. The group has exerted temporary and, at times, sustained control over strategic locations in those areas by recruiting, sometimes forcibly, regional sub-clans and their militias, using guerrilla warfare and terrorist tactics against the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and its allies, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeepers, and nongovernmental aid organizations. However, the group's insurgency has been challenged over the past year by in-fighting and military pressure that has liberated key towns from al-Shabaab.Al-Shabaab is not centralized or monolithic in its agenda or goals. Its rank-and-file members come from disparate clans, and the group is susceptible to clan politics, internal divisions, and shifting alliances. Most of its fighters are predominantly interested in the nationalistic battle against the TFG and not supportive of global jihad. Al-Shabaab's senior leadership is affiliated with al-Qa'ida and is believed to have trained and fought in Afghanistan. The merger of the two groups was publicly announced in February 2012 by the al-Shabaab amir and Ayman al-Zawahiri, leader of al-Qa'ida.Al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for many bombings--including various types of suicide attacks--in Mogadishu and in central and northern Somalia, typically targeting Somali government officials, AMISOM, and perceived allies of the TFG. The group was likely responsible for a wave of five coordinated suicide car bombings in October 2008 that simultaneously hit targets in two cities in northern Somalia, killing at least 26 people, including five bombers, and injuring 29 others. Al-Shabaab also claimed responsibility for the twin suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, on 11 July 2010 that killed more than 70 people. Al-Shabaab's leaders also have ordered their fighters--which include Americans and other Westerners--to attack African Union peace-keeping troops based in Mogadishu. Al-Shabaab is responsible for the assassination of Somali peace activists, international aid workers, numerous civil society figures, and journalists. The group gained additional notoriety by blocking the delivery of aid from some Western relief agencies during the 2011 famine that killed tens of thousands of Somalis.

Al-Qaeda's Post-9/11 Devolution

Al-Qaeda's Post-9/11 Devolution ebook ISBN: 144115289X
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Author: Anthony Celso
Number of Pages: 224 
File: al-qaeda-s-post-9-11-devolution.pdf
Reads: 7595418


This examination of al-Qaeda's decline since the 9/11 attacks focuses on the terror organization's mutation and fragmentation. It looks at its partnership with the local and regional jihadist networks that played a pivotal role in the Madrid, London, and Fort Hood attacks, arguing that, although initially successful, such alliances actually unraveled following both anti-terror policies and a growing rejection of violent jihadism in the Muslim world. Challenging conventional theories about al-Qaeda and homegrown terrorism, the book claims that jihadist attacks are now organized by overlapping international and regional networks that have become frustrated in their inability to enforce regime change and their ideological goals. The discussion spans the war on terror, analyzing major post 9/11 attacks, the failed jihadist struggle in Iraq, al-Qaeda's affiliates, and the organization's future prospects after the death of Osama Bin Laden and the Arab Spring. This assessment of the future of the jihadist struggle against Muslim governments and homegrown Islamic terrorism in the West will be an invaluable resource to anyone studying terrorism and Islamic extremism.


Frontier ebook ISBN: 1118823729
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Author: Gavin Serkin
Number of Pages: 424 
File: frontier.pdf
Reads: 5436053


Get ahead of emerging markets with top-performer picks for up-and-comers Frontier helps investors successfully navigate markets that are yet to “emerge,” with expert advice on spotting opportunities and minimising risks. With first-hand insights into frontier markets as we travel with big-name fund managers from Mark Mobius to Morgan Stanley, this practical guide ranks countries, stocks and bonds on a five- to ten-year horizon to steer investors toward the most promising destinations. Written in a compelling and accessible travelogue narrative, each chapter covers a specific country, providing invaluable market analysis and a deep understanding of the political, economic, and social background of those most likely to outperform. The key focus is on fresh ideas, based on the assessments from top performing money managers when meeting challenges, hostilities or adversity, and observations after interviewing high-level government officials and executives. With advanced economies shackled by debt and sluggish growth, investors are increasingly turning to emerging markets for better returns. Yet the money managers who came out on top in China, India, and Brazil are now focusing their attention on markets that have not yet emerged. This book applies the perspective of ten of the most successful fund managers in their field, providing an unparalleled guide to assessing investment potential in places better known for conflict, poverty and corruption. · Discover which markets have the best prospects, and which are potential disasters · Analyse individual markets by metrics including macro data, global relative value comparisons of stocks and bonds, buy/ sell triggers, and more · Learn which industries, stocks and bonds should be considered in each market · Examine each country through real-life on-the-ground assessment of corruption, conflict and other risks as well as inspirational breakthroughs that signal opportunities This is a practical manual for all investors - whether students or professionals - wanting to get to know the most promising new markets while avoiding the pitfalls. A must-read for corporate executives seeking global capital, Frontier provides a better understanding of the changing international investment dynamic. Robin Wigglesworth, FT: “Invaluable.” Mark Mobius, Templeton: “I love it! Beautiful descriptive writing.” Aliko Dangote, Wealthiest African: “Captivating tales, masterly woven.”

Harsh War, Harsh Peace

Harsh War, Harsh Peace ebook ISBN:
Author: Chris Albin-Lackey,Letta Tayler,Human Rights Watch (Organization)
Number of Pages: 62 
File: harsh-war-harsh-peace.pdf
Reads: 5183207


Methodology -- Recommendations -- Background -- Daily life under al-Shabaab -- Civilians trapped in the middle : violations of international humanitarian law -- The role of key international actors.

A Ticking Time Bomb

A Ticking Time Bomb ebook ISBN:
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Number of Pages: 144 
File: a-ticking-time-bomb.pdf
Reads: 2997853


New Statesman

New Statesman ebook ISBN:
Author: N.A
Number of Pages: N.A 
File: new-statesman.pdf
Reads: 8031889


Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement

Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement ebook ISBN: 019021726X
Publisher: What Everyone Needs to Know (P
Author: Daniel Byman
Number of Pages: 284 
File: al-qaeda-the-islamic-state-and-the-global-jihadist-movement.pdf
Reads: 3792043


Founded as the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan, Al Qaeda achieved a degree of international notoriety with a series of spectacular attacks in the 1990s; however, it was the dramatic assaults on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 9/11 that truly launched Al Qaeda onto the global stage. The attacks endowed the organization with world-historical importance and provoked an overwhelming counterattack by the United States and other western countries. Within a year of 9/11, the core of Al Qaeda had been chased out of Afghanistan and into a variety of refuges across the Muslim world. Splinter groups and franchised offshoots were active in the 2000s in countries like Pakistan, Iraq, and Yemen, but by early 2011, after more than a decade of relentless counterterrorism efforts by the United States and other Western military and intelligence services, most felt that Al Qaeda's moment had passed.

Yearbook of the United Nations

Yearbook of the United Nations ebook ISBN:
Author: United Nations
Number of Pages: N.A 
File: yearbook-of-the-united-nations.pdf
Reads: 5587069


Issue for 1946-47 includes a summary of the organization's activities from its inception to July 1, 1947.

The Evolving Nature of Terrorism

The Evolving Nature of Terrorism ebook ISBN:
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security
Number of Pages: 63 
File: the-evolving-nature-of-terrorism.pdf
Reads: 4927252


"So Much to Fear"

ISBN: 156432415X
Publisher: Human Rights Watch
Author: Chris Albin-Lackey,Human Rights Watch (Organization)
Number of Pages: 103 
File: so-much-to-fear.pdf
Reads: 1507385


The report describes how the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the Ethiopian forces that intervened in Somalia to support it and insurgent forces have committed widespread and serious violations of the laws of war. Frequent violations include indiscriminate attacks, killings, rape, use of civilians as human shields, and looting. Since early 2007, the escalating conflict has claimed thousands of civilian lives, displaced more than a million people, and driven out most of the population of Mogadishu, the capital. Increasing attacks on aid workers in the past year have severely limited relief operations and contributed to an emerging humanitarian crisis.

Soft Target Hardening

Soft Target Hardening ebook ISBN: 1482244225
Publisher: CRC Press
Author: Jennifer Hesterman
Number of Pages: 321 
File: soft-target-hardening.pdf
Reads: 5503928


Winner of ASIS Internationals 2015 Security Book of the Year AwardTerrorist attacks occur daily and are increasingly being aimed at civilian populations around the world. Battlefield lines have been redrawn to include churches, schools, hospitals, and malls. This breach of moral boundary is shocking and invokes feartwo primary goals of terrorism.