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Private Authority and International Affairs

Private Authority and International Affairs ebook ISBN: 9780791441190
Publisher: SUNY Press
Author: A. Claire Cutler,Virginia Haufler,Tony Porter
Number of Pages: 389 
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Summary:

Explores in detail the degree to which private sector firms are beginning to replace governments in "governing" some areas of international relations.

Authority

Authority ebook ISBN: 0814774148
Publisher: NYU Press
Author: Joseph Raz
Number of Pages: 330 
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Summary:

Is New York a post-secular city? Massive immigration and cultural changes have created an increasingly complex social landscape in which religious life plays a dynamic role. Yet the magnitude of religion's impact on New York's social life has gone unacknowledged. New York Glory gathers together for the first time the best research on religion in contemporary New York City. It includes contributors from every major research project on religion in New York to provide a comprehensive look at the current state of religion in the city. Moving beyond broad surveys into specific case studies of communities and institutions, it provides a window onto the diversity of religious life in New York. From Italian Catholics, Mormons, Muslims, and Russian Jews to Zen Buddhists, Rastafarians, and Pentecostal Latinas, New York Glory both captures the richness of religious life in New York City and provides an important foundation for our understanding of the current and future shape of religion in America.

Authority and Submission

Authority and Submission ebook ISBN: 0736301852
Publisher: Living Stream Ministry
Author: Watchman Nee
Number of Pages: 208 
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Anarchism and Authority

Anarchism and Authority ebook ISBN: 1409485404
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Author: Mr Paul McLaughlin
Number of Pages: 210 
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Examining the political theory of anarchism from a philosophical and historical perspective, Paul McLaughlin relates anarchism to the fundamental ethical and political problem of authority. The book pays particular attention to the authority of the state and the anarchist rejection of all traditional claims made for the legitimacy of state authority, the author both explaining and defending the central tenets of the anarchist critique of the state. The founding works of anarchist thought, by Godwin, Proudhon and Stirner, are explored and anarchism is examined in its historical context, including the influence of such events as the Enlightenment and the French Revolution on anarchist thought. Finally, the major theoretical developments of anarchism from the late-nineteenth century to the present are summarized and evaluated. This book is both a highly readable account of the development of anarchist thinking and a lucid and well-reasoned defence of the anarchist philosophy.

Authority and Political Culture in Shi'ism

Authority and Political Culture in Shi'ism ebook ISBN: 9780887066382
Publisher: SUNY Press
Author: Said Amir Arjomand
Number of Pages: 393 
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Preface Contributors 1 Introduction: Shi’ism, Authority, and Political Culture Said Amir Arjomand Part I Essays 2 Imam and Community in the Pre-Ghayba Period Etan Kohlberg 3 The Evolution of Popular Eulogy of the Imams among the Shi’a Mohammad-Dja’far Mahdjoub and John R. Perry 4 The Mujtahid of the Age and the Mulla-bashi: An Intermediate Stage in the Institutionalization of Religious Authority in Shi’ite Iran Said Amir Arjomand 5 In Between the Madrasa and the Marketplace: The Designation of Clerical Leadership in Modern Shi’ism Abbas Amanat 6 Constitutionalism and Clerical Authority Abdol Karim Lahidji 7 Shari’at Sangalaji: A Reformist Theologian of the Rida Shah Period Yann Richard and Kathryn Arjomand 8 Ideological Revolution in Shi’ism Said Amir Arjomand Part II Selected Sources 9 An Annotated Bibliography on Government and Statecraft Mohammad-Taqi Danishpazhouh and Andrew Newman 10 ‘Allama al-Hilli on the Imamate and Ijtihad John Cooper 11 Two Decrees of Shah Tahmasp Concerning Statecraft and the Authority of Shaykh ‘All al-Karaki Said Amir Arjomand 12 The Muqaddas al-Ardabili on Taqlid John Cooper 13 Two Seventeenth-Century Persian Tracts on Kingship and Rulers William C. Chittick 14 Lives of Prominent Nineteenth-Century ‘Ulama’ from Tunika-buni’s Qisas al-’Ulama’ Hamid Dabashi 15 An Exchange between a Mujtahid and a Qajar Official Hamid Dabashi 16 Two Clerical Tracts on Constitutionalism Hamid Dabashi 17 Clerical Authority in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran Index

Maxwell's Guide to Authority Work

Maxwell's Guide to Authority Work ebook ISBN: 9780838908228
Publisher: American Library Association
Author: Robert L. Maxwell
Number of Pages: 275 
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Summary:

"Unidentified Flying Objects," not "UFOs" or "Flying Saucers" Authority work is the linchpin of the library catalog. As the author puts it, "Without authority control, the burden is placed on the user to think of all the possible forms a cataloger might have used to give access in the catalog to a given author or subject." If a subject is not sorted by its authorized heading, then the library and its users and staff are left without a system and ultimately the cost of an unsatisfied user. From one of the preeminent experts in the field, this is the step-by-step guide for ensuring that your library and staff are creating and maintaining authority records with the end user in mind. Comprehensive and definitive, Maxwell's Guide to Authority Work is a must-have. In this readable text, authority work is broken down to its most basic components so that you can trace and follow the preparation of a complete authority record. Helpful illustrations identify the key characteristics of good authority records, common acronyms are defined, and cross-references throughout reinforce material. Step-by-step, you'll learn how to: Form and record uniform access points Keep thorough and accurate records Share information in an environment of international databases and cooperative cataloging The authoritative tool for making certain a person, author, corporate body, organization, book, or other media is appropriately classified under its authority name, subject, and form, Maxwell's should be part of any library's toolbox.

Aquinas as Authority

Aquinas as Authority ebook ISBN: 9789042910744
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
Author: Harm J. M. J. Goris,Thomas Instituut te Utrecht
Number of Pages: 338 
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Summary:

There is no doubt that Thomas Aquinas, together with Augustine, is among the most influential authorities in the history of Western Christian theology. Through the centuries, theologians and philosophers have interpreted Aquinas and (re-)constructed his thought in various ways. As a result of this, a very rich variety of theological and philosophical positions have appeared that claim to be inspired by the thought of Thomas Aquinas. Positions like these are often labelled as a form of 'Thomism'. Although this can be helpful in bringing some order into the history of thought, there is also a deceptive side to it. Any classification runs the risk of obscuring the multiplicity of interests that have inspired the use of Aquinas as authority. On closer investigation many questions arise. What aims did Aquinas' recipients have in mind and how did an appeal to Aquinas function in their attempts to reach these aims? To what extent has their adoption of Aquinas' ideas and approaches been successful or unsuccessful in answering new questions, and in meeting the problems of their times? And, finally, what can we learn from these divergent forms of 'Thomism'? To these questions the Thomas Institute at Utrecht devoted its second conference, which was held from Thursday December 14 to Saturday December 16, 2000. This book collects a selection of the studies that were presented.

Rabbinic Authority

Rabbinic Authority ebook ISBN: 9780195352719
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Michael S. Berger
Number of Pages: 240 
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Summary:

The Rabbis of the first five centuries of the Common Era loom large in the Jewish tradition. Until the modern period, Jews viewed the Rabbinic traditions as the authoritative contents of their covenant with God, and scholars debated the meanings of these ancient Sages words. Even after the eighteenth century, when varied denominations emerged within Judaism, each with its own approach to the tradition, the literary legacy of the talmudic Sages continued to be consulted. In this book, Michael S. Berger analyzes the notion of Rabbinic authority from a philosophical standpoint. He sets out a typology of theories that can be used to understand the authority of these Sages, showing the coherence of each, its strengths and weaknesses, and what aspects of the Rabbinic enterprise it covers. His careful and thorough analysis reveals that owing to the multifaceted character of the Rabbinic enterprise, no single theory is adequate to fully ground Rabbinic authority as traditionally understood. The final section of the book argues that the notion of Rabbinic authority may indeed have been transformed over time, even as it retained the original name. Drawing on the debates about legal hermeneutics between Ronald Dworkin and Stanley Fish, Berger introduces the idea that Rabbinic authority is not a strict consequence of a preexisting theory, but rather is embedded in a form of life that includes text, interpretation, and practices. Rabbinic authority is shown to be a nuanced concept unique to Judaism, in that it is taken to justify those sorts of activities which in turn actually deepen the authority itself. Students of Judaism and philosophers of religion in general will be intrigued by this philosophical examination of a central issue of Judaism, conducted with unprecedented rigor and refreshing creative insight.

Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe

Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe ebook ISBN: 9780812211030
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Author: Edward Peters
Number of Pages: 312 
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Summary:

Throughout the Middle Ages and early modern Europe theological uniformity was synonymous with social cohesion in societies that regarded themselves as bound together at their most fundamental levels by a religion. To maintain a belief in opposition to the orthodoxy was to set oneself in opposition not merely to church and state but to a whole culture in all of its manifestations. From the eleventh century to the fifteenth, however, dissenting movements appeared with greater frequency, attracted more followers, acquired philosophical as well as theological dimensions, and occupied more and more the time and the minds of religious and civil authorities. In the perception of dissent and in the steps taken to deal with it lies the history of medieval heresy and the force it exerted on religious, social, and political communities long after the Middle Ages. In this volume, Edward Peters makes available the most compact and wide-ranging collection of source materials in translation on medieval orthodoxy and heterodoxy in social context.

Authority in Islam

Authority in Islam ebook ISBN: 9781412817738
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Author: Hamid Dabashi
Number of Pages: 169 
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Summary:

An Essay on Divine Authority

An Essay on Divine Authority ebook ISBN: 9780801440304
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Author: Mark C. Murphy
Number of Pages: 198 
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Summary:

In the first book wholly concerned with divine authority, Mark C. Murphy explores the extent of God's rule over created rational beings. The author challenges the view--widely supported by theists and nontheists alike--that if God exists, then humans must be bound by an obligation of obedience to this being. He demonstrates that this view, the authority thesis, cannot be sustained by any of the arguments routinely advanced on its behalf, including those drawn from perfect being theology, metaethical theory, normative principles, and even Scripture and tradition. After exposing the inadequacies of the various arguments for the authority thesis, he develops his own solution to the problem of whether, and to what extent, God is authoritative. For Murphy, divine authority is a contingent matter: while created rational beings have decisive reason to subject themselves to the divine rule, they are under divine authority only insofar as they have chosen to allow God's decisions to take the place of their own in their practical reasoning. The author formulates and defends his arguments for this view, and notes its implications for understanding the distinctiveness of Christian ethics. --Robert Merrihew Adams, Yale University

High-Speed Rail Authority in California

High-Speed Rail Authority in California ebook ISBN: 1437933386
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Author: Elaine M. Howle
Number of Pages: 48 
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Summary:

Report concerning the Calif. High-Speed Rail Authority¿s (Authority) readiness to manage funds authorized for building the high-speed rail network in Calif., including the $9 billion in general obligation bonds the voters authorized in Nov. 2008. This report concludes that the Authority has not adequately planned for the future development of the program. State law requires the Authority to establish an independent peer review group to review the Authority¿s plans, but only five of the eight members have been appointed. Additionally, the Authority does not currently categorize and track expenditures for admin., which state law limits to 2.5% ($225 million) of the $9 billion in bond funds authorized. Charts and tables.

The Authority of Scripture in Reformed Theology

The Authority of Scripture in Reformed Theology ebook ISBN: 9004163077
Publisher: BRILL
Author: Henk Van Den Belt
Number of Pages: 384 
File: the-authority-of-scripture-in-reformed-theology.pdf
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Summary:

This book discusses the concept of the self-convincing authority of Scripture in the historical development of Reformed theology and advocates an emphasis on the autopistia in a postmodern context, because truth and trust are inseparable.

Private Power and Global Authority

Private Power and Global Authority ebook ISBN: 9780521533973
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: A. Claire Cutler,Cutler
Number of Pages: 306 
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Summary:

Transnational merchant law, which is mistakenly regarded in purely technical and apolitical terms, is a central mediator of domestic and global political/legal orders. By engaging with literature in international law, international relations and international political economy, the author develops the conceptual and theoretical foundations for analyzing the political significance of international economic law. In doing so, she illustrates the private nature of the interests that this evolving legal order has served over time. The book makes a sustained and comprehensive analysis of transnational merchant law and offers a radical critique of global capitalism.

Narrative, Authority, and Law

Narrative, Authority, and Law ebook ISBN: 9780472103652
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Author: Robin West
Number of Pages: 439 
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Summary:

Challenges the moral basis for the authority of law

Democratic Authority

Democratic Authority ebook ISBN: 9781400831548
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Author: David M. Estlund
Number of Pages: 312 
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Summary:

Democracy is not naturally plausible. Why turn such important matters over to masses of people who have no expertise? Many theories of democracy answer by appealing to the intrinsic value of democratic procedure, leaving aside whether it makes good decisions. In Democratic Authority, David Estlund offers a groundbreaking alternative based on the idea that democratic authority and legitimacy must depend partly on democracy's tendency to make good decisions. Just as with verdicts in jury trials, Estlund argues, the authority and legitimacy of a political decision does not depend on the particular decision being good or correct. But the "epistemic value" of the procedure--the degree to which it can generally be accepted as tending toward a good decision--is nevertheless crucial. Yet if good decisions were all that mattered, one might wonder why those who know best shouldn't simply rule. Estlund's theory--which he calls "epistemic proceduralism"--avoids epistocracy, or the rule of those who know. He argues that while some few people probably do know best, this can be used in political justification only if their expertise is acceptable from all reasonable points of view. If we seek the best epistemic arrangement in this respect, it will be recognizably democratic--with laws and policies actually authorized by the people subject to them.