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Medieval Warfare

Medieval Warfare ebook ISBN: 0191647381
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Author: Maurice Keen
Number of Pages: 354 
File: medieval-warfare.pdf
Reads: 5245261


This richly illustrated book explores over seven hundred years of European warfare, from the time of Charlemagne to the end of the middle ages (c.1500). The period covered has a distinctive character in military history. It was an age when organization for war was integral to social structure, when the secular aristocrat was by necessity also a warrior, and whose culture was profoundly influenced by martial ideas. Twelve scholars, experts in their own fields, have contributed to this finely illustrated book. It is divided into two parts. Part I seeks to explore the experience of war viewed chronologically with separate chapters on, for instance, the Viking age, on the wars and expansion of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, on the Crusades and on the great Hundred Years War between England and France. The chapters in Part II trace thematically the principal developments in the art of warfare; in fortification and siege craft; in the role of armoured cavalrymen; in the employment of mercenary forces; the advent of gunpowder artillery; and of new skills in navigation and shipbuilding. In both parts of the book, the overall aim has been to offer the general reader an impression, not just of the where and the when of great confrontations, but above all of the social experience of warfare in the middle ages, and of the impact of its demands on human resources and human endurance.

British Fortifications Through the Reign of Richard III

British Fortifications Through the Reign of Richard III ebook ISBN: 078646254X
Publisher: McFarland
Author: Jean-Denis G.G. Lepage
Number of Pages: 318 
File: british-fortifications-through-the-reign-of-richard-iii.pdf
Reads: 5197518


From the time the Romans first set foot on England’s shore in 55 B.C., the British Isles have faced a constant threat of foreign invasion. As a result, the landscapes of England, Scotland, and Ireland are dotted with ancient defensive fortifications as varied as their makers. Iron Age Celtic “hill forts,” Roman castra and Hadrian’s Wall, Anglo-Saxon dykes and Alfredian burhs, Norman mottes and stone-keeps, Edwardian castles, Irish tower houses—they all served to repel ancient intruders and many still stand as tangible relics of a remarkable past. This study chronicles the development of British fortifications from prehistoric times through the end of Richard III’s reign in 1485, providing the history of each type of structure, relevant examples, and information on weapons and siege warfare. More than 250 illustrations vividly detail each ediface’s construction and configuration.

Fluid Flow Phenomena

Fluid Flow Phenomena ebook ISBN: 9401142815
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Paolo Orlandi
Number of Pages: 356 
File: fluid-flow-phenomena.pdf
Reads: 4290984


This book deals with the simulation of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations for laminar and turbulent flows. The book is limited to explaining and employing the finite difference method. It furnishes a large number of source codes which permit to play with the Navier-Stokes equations and to understand the complex physics related to fluid mechanics. Numerical simulations are useful tools to understand the complexity of the flows, which often is difficult to derive from laboratory experiments. This book, then, can be very useful to scholars doing laboratory experiments, since they often do not have extra time to study the large variety of numerical methods; furthermore they cannot spend more time in transferring one of the methods into a computer language. By means of numerical simulations, for example, insights into the vorticity field can be obtained which are difficult to obtain by measurements. This book can be used by graduate as well as undergraduate students while reading books on theoretical fluid mechanics; it teaches how to simulate the dynamics of flow fields on personal computers. This will provide a better way of understanding the theory. Two chapters on Large Eddy Simulations have been included, since this is a methodology that in the near future will allow more universal turbulence models for practical applications. The direct simulation of the Navier-Stokes equations (DNS) is simple by finite-differences, that are satisfactory to reproduce the dynamics of turbulent flows. A large part of the book is devoted to the study of homogeneous and wall turbulent flows. In the second chapter the elementary concept of finite difference is given to solve parabolic and elliptical partial differential equations. In successive chapters the 1D, 2D, and 3D Navier-Stokes equations are solved in Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates. Finally, Large Eddy Simulations are performed to check the importance of the subgrid scale models. Results for turbulent and laminar flows are discussed, with particular emphasis on vortex dynamics. This volume will be of interest to graduate students and researchers wanting to compare experiments and numerical simulations, and to workers in the mechanical and aeronautic industries.

Examples of Gothic Architecture

Examples of Gothic Architecture ebook ISBN: 9780341703488
Publisher: Franklin Classics
Author: Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Number of Pages: 270 
File: examples-of-gothic-architecture.pdf
Reads: 4148576


This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The Impact of the Edwardian Castles in Wales

The Impact of the Edwardian Castles in Wales ebook ISBN: 1782973672
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Author: Diane Williams,John R. Kenyon
Number of Pages: 240 
File: the-impact-of-the-edwardian-castles-in-wales.pdf
Reads: 3776908


The Impact of the Edwardian Castles in Wales publishes the proceedings of a conference held in 2007, a year that marked the seventh centenary of the death of King Edward I, which set out to review recent scholarship on castles that he built in north Wales after two wars, in 1277 and 1282-83 and a Welsh uprising in 1294-95, and to rethink the effect that their building had upon Wales in the past, present and future. Building upon the seminal work of Arnold Taylor, whose study of the buildings and documentary evidence has been pivotal to Edwardian castle studies for more than fifty years, the volume includes papers which call into question the role of Master James of St George as the architect of the kings new castles; the role of Richard the Engineer, the nature of royal accommodation in the thirteenth century and a detailed look at how households worked, especially in the kitchen and accounting departments. New approaches to castle studies are encouraging a more holistic understanding of the Edwardian castles and their context and to this end papers consider their impact on Welsh society and its princes in the thirteenth century, notably Llywelyn ab Iorwerth ( Fawr , the Great) and his grandson, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, prince of Wales. Their symbolism and meaning through the words of Welsh poets and the mythology behind Caernarfon Castle are also examined, so too is the role of Welshmen in Edward Is armies. The wider context is considered with papers on the Edwardian towns in Wales, the baronial castles in north Wales and Edward I in Scotland and Gascony. The castles still have powerful resonance and the Minister for Heritage in the Welsh Assembly Government considers their role and presentation in Wales today and in the future. Robert Liddiard concludes that the volume 'not only takes our knowledge of the Edwardian castles forward, but also informs the study of castles in the British Isles'.

Conwy Castle and Town Walls

Conwy Castle and Town Walls ebook ISBN: 9781857602593
Author: Jeremy Ashbee
Number of Pages: 64 
File: conwy-castle-and-town-walls.pdf
Reads: 3161801


A guidebook for Conwy Castle and Town Walls. This castle played an essential part of a chain of fortifications by King Edward I to affirm his conquest of 1282. It was James the master mason from St. George that was responsible for the planning of the castle and walls. Elements of concentric structure can be seen in the castle.

Medieval Town Walls

Medieval Town Walls ebook ISBN:
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
Author: Oliver Hamilton Creighton,Robert Higham
Number of Pages: 320 
File: medieval-town-walls.pdf
Reads: 1874207


Britain's town walls have been neglected. For the first time the authors draw together a variety of evidence to reveal the chronologies, functions, structures and social significance of urban defences. They show that the walls and their related structures are a mixture of military pragmatism, commercial logic and symbolism.

The English Nobility in the Late Middle Ages

The English Nobility in the Late Middle Ages ebook ISBN: 1134751419
Publisher: Routledge
Author: Chris Given-Wilson
Number of Pages: 248 
File: the-english-nobility-in-the-late-middle-ages.pdf
Reads: 2375157


First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Medieval Castle in England and Wales

The Medieval Castle in England and Wales ebook ISBN: 9780521458283
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Norman J. G. Pounds
Number of Pages: 376 
File: the-medieval-castle-in-england-and-wales.pdf
Reads: 9206843


This original and pioneering book examines the role of the castle in the Norman conquest of England and in the subsequent administration of the country. The castle is seen primarily as an instrument of peaceful administration which rarely had a garrison and was more often where the sheriff kept his files and employed his secretariat. In most cases the military significance of the castle was minimal, and only a very few ever saw military action. For the first time, the medieval castle in England is seen in a new light which will attract the general reader of history and archaeology as much as the specialist in economic and social history.

Caernarfon Castle and Town Walls

Caernarfon Castle and Town Walls ebook ISBN: 9781857602098
Author: Arnold Joseph Taylor
Number of Pages: 44 
File: caernarfon-castle-and-town-walls.pdf
Reads: 8827516


A guidebook for Caernarfon Castle and Town Walls. The town and its castle play an important part in the history of Wales because of their historical, strategic, military, symbolic and mythological significance. We are guided from the construction period in 1283 by King Edward I as a stone symbol of the conquest, as well as the establishment of the Principality of Wales.

God Bless America

God Bless America ebook ISBN: 0813159482
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Author: Kathleen E.R. Smith
Number of Pages: 288 
File: god-bless-america.pdf
Reads: 6578666


After Pearl Harbor, Tin Pan Alley songwriters rushed to write the Great American War Song -- an "Over There" for World War II. The most popular songs, however, continued to be romantic ballads, escapist tunes, or novelty songs. To remedy the situation, the federal government created the National Wartime Music Committee, an advisory group of the Office of War Information (OWI), which outlined "proper" war songs, along with tips on how and what to write. The music business also formed its own Music War Committee to promote war songs. Neither group succeeded. The OWI hoped that Tin Pan Alley could be converted from manufacturing love songs to manufacturing war songs just as automobile plants had retooled to assemble planes and tanks. But the OWI failed to comprehend the large extent by which the war effort would be defined by advertisers and merchandisers. Selling merchandise was the first priority of Tin Pan Alley, and the OWI never swayed them from this course. Kathleen E.R. Smith concludes the government's fears of faltering morale did not materialize. Americans did not need such war songs as "Goodbye, Mama, I'm Off To Yokohama", "There Are No Wings On a Foxhole", or even "The Sun Will Soon Be Setting On The Land Of The Rising Sun" to convince them to support the war. The crusade for a "proper" war song was misguided from the beginning, and the music business, then and now, continues to make huge profits selling love -- not war -- songs.

English Castles

English Castles ebook ISBN:
Publisher: London : Batsford
Author: Reginald Allen Brown
Number of Pages: 240 
File: english-castles.pdf
Reads: 6049930


The Age of the Hundred Years War

The Age of the Hundred Years War ebook ISBN: 9781843835004
Publisher: Journal of Medieval Military H
Author: Clifford J. Rogers,Kelly DeVries,John France
Number of Pages: 186 
File: the-age-of-the-hundred-years-war.pdf
Reads: 8095233


The newest work on the Hundred Years War and other aspects of military history in the late middle ages.

Simon Boccanegra

Simon Boccanegra ebook ISBN: 9780714544335
Author: Giuseppe Verdi,Francesco Maria Piave,Arrigo Boito,Giuseppe Montanelli
Number of Pages: 104 
File: simon-boccanegra.pdf
Reads: 2372258


Verdi's Simon Boccanegra exists in two versions: that of the 1857 original and that of the 1881 revision. The texts of the libretto of both versions are included in this guide, with a number of essays which focus on the differences between the two. Rodolfo Celleti provides the story's historical context, setting the events of the real life of Simon Boccanegra against the unification of Italy, which formed the political backdrop to the composition of both versions of Verdi's opera. James A. Hepokoski gives a detailed synopsis of the 1881 score, and indicates the ways in which Verdi radically revised the original and reworked it to fit his late style. Lastly, Desmond Shawe-Taylor discusses Verdi's attitude to his singers, and the critical reception that performances of both versions of the opera received.This edition contains over twenty illustrations, a thematic guide and the texts of the libretti in the original with literal translations. There is also a bibilography, discography and DVD guide, together with a list of websites that will allow the reader to explore the opera further.Contents: An Historical Perspective, Rodolfo Celletti; An Introduction to the 1881 Score, James Hepokoski; Verdi and his Singers, Desmond Shawe-Taylor; Simon Boccanegra: Libretto by Francesco Maria Piave with additions by Giuseppe Montanelli and additions and alterations by Arrigo Boito; Simon Boccanegra: English translation by James Fenton

Das Goldene Kreuz

Das Goldene Kreuz ebook ISBN: 9783847294986
Publisher: Tredition Classics
Author: Ignaz Br Ll
Number of Pages: 68 
File: das-goldene-kreuz.pdf
Reads: 6883325


Dieses Werk ist Teil der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS. Der Verlag tredition aus Hamburg veroffentlicht in der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS Werke aus mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden. Diese waren zu einem Grossteil vergriffen oder nur noch antiquarisch erhaltlich. Mit der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS verfolgt tredition das Ziel, tausende Klassiker der Weltliteratur verschiedener Sprachen wieder als gedruckte Bucher zu verlegen - und das weltweit! Die Buchreihe dient zur Bewahrung der Literatur und Forderung der Kultur. Sie tragt so dazu bei, dass viele tausend Werke nicht in Vergessenheit geraten

War Time Control of Distribution of Foods: A Short History of the Distribution Division

War Time Control of Distribution of Foods: A Short History of the Distribution Division ebook ISBN: 9780469737488
Publisher: Wentworth Press
Author: Albert Newton Merritt
Number of Pages: 252 
File: war-time-control-of-distribution-of-foods-a-short-history-of-the-distribution-division.pdf
Reads: 6073070


This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Species Design

Species Design ebook ISBN: 9781883398194
Author: H. R. Giger
Number of Pages: 86 
File: species-design.pdf
Reads: 9205568


Fantasy artist H.R. Giger has turned his creativity to a new movie, Species. The book documents the conception, development and final terrorizing 3D realization of Giger's macabre, otherworldly designs. Included are Giger's original sketches, photos of the film's animatronic puppets and sets, and action stills. 110 photos, 100 in color. 50 line drawings.